American psychologist BF Skinner is known for developing the Skinner Theory of Behaviorism. He was a behaviorist and insisted that the consequences of prior actions influence human behavior. Skinner claimed that free will is just an illusion. He developed a method of learning known as operant conditioning. This is also called B.F. Skinner’s theory of learning. Therefore, Skinner is known as the father of operant conditioning. This article talks about some of the popular BF Skinner quotes. These include operant conditioning quotes and behaviorism quotes from popular works of B.F. Skinner.
Read More: B.F. Skinner Biography & Timeline
B.F. Skinner – Father of Operant Conditioning
Burrhus Frederic Skinner was a behaviorist. He believed that all human behavior is the result of conditioning. Skinner claimed that specific behavior repeats itself if reinforced and does not repeat if not reinforced. That is, positive outcomes or rewards result in the strengthening of behaviors. Whereas, negative outcomes like scolding result in the weakening of behaviors. Thus, Skinner developed a new method of learning called operant conditioning. That’s why B.F. Skinner is known as the founding father of operant conditioning.
He developed a theory of learning known as Skinner’s Theory of Reinforcement. Further, Skinner claimed that certain rules known as schedules of reinforcement govern the behavior. That is, the frequency, time interval, and pattern of reinforcement decide the effectiveness of reinforcement.
Psychologists Ivan Pavlov and John B Watson inspired BF Skinner, the founding father of operant conditioning. Both Pavlov (in classical conditioning) and Watson insisted that specific human action was dependent on the prior stimulus. However, BF Skinner held that human behavior was dependent on the consequence of a particular behavior or action. He named such behavior operant behavior.
Furthermore, in addition to being known as the father of operant conditioning, Skinner is also known for his inventions like the Skinner Box and Cumulative Recorder. He also authored a number of works including Walden Two and Beyond Freedom and Dignity.
- B.F. Skinner Walden Two Buy On Amazon
- Beyond Freedom and Dignity Buy On Amazon
BF Skinner Quotes – Father of Operant Conditioning
The BF Skinner quotes include operant conditioning quotes and behaviorism quotes. These quotes are from some of his famous works. Some of the famous BF Skinner Quotes on behavior, education, etc are as follows.
BF Skinner Quotes Education
A solution to the educational crisis:
- Be clear about what is to be taught
- Teach first things first
- Stop making all students advance at essentially the same rate
- Program the subject matter
Students do not have to be made to study. Reinforcement is enough, and good programming provides it.
A good program of instruction guarantees a great deal of successful action. Students do not need to have a natural interest in what they are doing, and subject matters do not need to be dressed up to attract attention.
For thousands of years students have studied to avoid the consequences of not studying.
We could double the efficiency of education with one change alone—by letting each student move at his or her own pace.
It is said that students should do more than what they have been taught to do. They should be creative. But does it help to say that they must acquire creativity?
Psychological theories come into the hands of teachers through schools of education and teachers’ colleges, and it is there, I think, that we must lay the major blame for what is happening in American education.
We shouldn’t teach great books; we should teach a love of reading.
Education is what survives when what has been learnt has been forgotten.
A fourth-grade reader may be a sixth-grade mathematician. The grade is an administrative device which does violence to the nature of the developmental process.
BF Skinner Quotes (Behaviorism Quotes)
By emphasizing the selective action of consequences, the experimental analysis of behavior deals with the creation of behavior precisely as Darwin dealt with the creation of species.
Creativity, incidentally, is often said to be beyond a science of behavior, and it would be if that science were a matter of stimulus and response.
More than 300 years ago, Molière wrote a famous line: “I am asked by the learned doctors for the cause and reason why opium puts one to sleep, to which I reply that there is in it a soporific virtue, the nature of which is to lull the senses.” Molières audience laughed.
We do not know what intuition is, but we can certainly say that no teacher has ever taught it directly, nor has any student ever displayed it without first learning to do the kinds of things it supposedly replaces.
The more words you learn to spell, the easier it is to spell new words, and the more problems you solve in algebra the easier it is to solve new problems. What eventually emerges is often called intuition.
Cognitive psychology is Old Home Week. We are back among friends speaking the language we spoke when we were growing up. We can talk about love and will and ideas and memories and feelings and states of mind, and no one will ask us what we mean; no one will raise an eyebrow.
Cognitive psychology is frequently presented as a revolt against behaviorism, but it is not a revolt, it is a retreat.
Failure is not always a mistake, it may simply be the best one can do under the circumstances. The real mistake is to stop trying.
BF Skinner Quotes (Operant Conditioning Quotes)
It is characteristic of the human species that successful action is automatically reinforced. The fascination of video games is adequate proof.
What is love except another name for the use of positive reinforcement? Or vice versa
No one asks how to motivate a baby. A baby naturally explores everything it can get at unless restraining forces have already been at work. And this tendency doesn’t die out, it’s wiped out.
A person who has been punished is not thereby simply less inclined to behave in a given way; at best, he learns how to avoid punishment.
At that point [when primes and prompts have been carefully “vanished” until behavior occurs without help] the reinforcing consequences of being right are most effective in building and sustaining an enduring repertoire.
Punitive sanctions still survive, disguised in various ways, but the world is changing, and they are no longer easily imposed.
We discover many things in the world around us, and that is usually better than being told about them, but as individuals, we can discover only a small part of the world.
The only geniuses produced by the chaos of society are those who do something about it. Chaos breeds geniuses. It offers a man something to be a genius about.
The real question is not whether machines think but whether men do. The mystery which surrounds a thinking machine already surrounds a thinking man.
We are only just beginning to understand the power of love because we are just beginning to understand the weakness of force and aggression.
Some of us learn control, more or less by accident. The rest of us go all our lives not even understanding how it is possible and blaming our failure on being born the wrong way.
If freedom is a requisite for human happiness, then all that’s necessary is to provide the illusion of freedom.
Walden Two – BF Skinner Beyond Freedom and Dignity – BF Skinner bfskinner.org